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HAFIDZ YOUNG SCIENTIST

I am Hafidz, the young scientist.This blog is about my exciting homeschooling journey.It will remains as my sweet memories forever. Glad to share the special moments with you !!!


Tuesday, August 16, 2011

SCHEDULE FOR FCU MEDIC PHASE 1 SEMESTER 1

(GUIDANCE CORNER)

http://healthy-lifestyle.most-effective-solution.com/2010/07/25/human-anatomy-stomach/
http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/picture-of-the-stomach
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/digestive/
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-body/digestive-system-article/
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/The_gastrointestinal_system
http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/body_basics/digestive.html



 DIGESTIVE SYSTEM IN HUMAN:
1) Mengenal dan menghafal semua organ-organ dalam digestive system (done)
2) Mengkaji organ perut dengan lebih terperinci (done)
3) Mengenal penyakit-penyakit di bahagian perut dan virus yang terlibat (done)
    -Acid Reflux (G.E.R.D) (done)
    -Gastric (done)
    -Peptic Ulcer (done)
    -Stomach cancer (done)
     Cause by Helicobacter pylori infection
4) Sympston of the disease (done)
5) Stomach test and treatment
5) Alternative medicine
6) Case study
7) EXAM..

FCU MEDIC'S FOOT NOTES:

1)Digestive system;

Human Digestive System Diagram:


Human Digestive System Diagram

The Human Digestive System Picture above,
shows the relative positioning of various
organs in the abdomen. Notice how the small
intestine snakes back and forth, and how the
large intestine also curves to accommodate it's
length in the small space of the abdomen.
A truly remarkable machine
- The Human Digestive System.
    A. Digestion of food begins in the mouth with chewing and the action of saliva.















  • Food is physically broken into small pieces with the teeth and tongue and then swallowed.


    1. B. The swallowed food travels down a long tube called the esophagus into the stomach.















  • Food is moved down the esophagus by wavelike muscular contractions.


    1. C. The stomach is a highly flexible muscular bag about the size of an apple.















  • Food is mixed with acids to help break it down further. The acids also destroy most bacteria (if any) in the food.


  • Food is gradually turned into a liquid, which is released into the small intestine in small amounts.


    1. D. The small intestine is a thin tube of up to 7 meters long, which is so ingeniously made, that it presents an enormous surface area from which it extracts nutrients from the mixture.















  • Nutrients move across the small intestine wall into the bloodstream, where they are transported to the cells of the body, to be used for energy and building and repairing the body.


    1. E. The large intestine is about 1.5 meters long, containing undigested material including fibre, bacteria and other wastes that have been passed from the small intestine.















  • It's here, that water is extracted (recycled) and the waste material is finally processed before elimination.



  • MOUTH PART



    DIGESTION ACCESSORY ORGAN




    DIGESTION ACCESSORY ORGAN

    LIVER

    STOMACH

    What Is the Function of the Stomach?

    The stomach is a hollow organ composed of several strong muscular layers. It is located under the rib cage and connected at each opening to the esophagus and the small intestine, respectively. The stomach stores, mixes and digests the food that we eat and acts to protect us from infectious organisms we may have ingested.





    1. Function

      • After food is chewed and moistened in the mouth, it passes through the esophagus into the stomach. This is the second step in the digestion of everything you consume. Food is mixed with stomach acid and enzymes to break the food down into smaller pieces. This combination of food and stomach "juices" is called chyme. The stomach also stores food temporarily, releasing chyme in small amounts into the small intestine, where it is further broken down into nutrients to be absorbed into the body.

      2.Significance

      • In addition to breaking down food, stomach acid and enzymes also help to kill bacteria or other infectious organisms that you may have eaten. The stomach is protected from corrosive stomach acid by a layer of mucus lining its walls. This mucus layer also protects other internal organs from stomach acid. When the mucus lining is damaged, stomach acids can burn through the lining of the stomach and damage other organs in the body.

      3.Considerations

      • The majority of stomach ulcers are caused by a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori. Symptoms of ulcers include a burning sensation in the stomach, feelings of "hunger" or aching a few hours after eating or during the night, or dark, black-colored stool. Antacids and medications that block stomach acid production are not adequate treatment for stomach ulcers caused by H. pylori. These treatments prevent stomach acid from damaging the lining of the stomach, but you need antibiotics to kill H. pylori. If you have symptoms of a stomach ulcer, talk to your doctor and make sure that you are tested for the presence of H. pylori.

      4.Warning

      • Stomach cancer is fairly rare and usually affects people over the age of 70. Risk factors include smoking, a family history of stomach cancer, a diet high in fatty, smoked or salted foods, and a history of stomach ulcers. Unfortunately, stomach cancer doesn't show clear symptoms. You may experience nausea, feelings of fullness or bloating, or stomach discomfort---all of which can also be symptoms of ulcers or indigestion. If you are concerned, talk to your doctor about your risk factors for stomach cancer and whether you need to be tested.

      5.Prevention/Solution

      • Eat a diet low in fat and high in fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains to support stomach and digestive health. Avoid alcohol, which can irritate the stomach lining and cause inflammation, or gastritis. Licorice tablets can help to soothe and protect the mucosal lining of the stomach. Chew 1 or 2 tablets containing 380 mg of licorice when you experience stomach discomfort. Glycyrrhizinic acid is a component in licorice that can increase blood pressure, so be sure to use only supplements that are labeled as "deglycyrrizinated licorice." Do not take any herbal or over-the-counter remedies without first discussing them with your health care provider.

    Read more: What Is the Function of the Stomach? | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_4572246_function-stomach_.html#ixzz1XEQQxbHN


    PANCREAS

    LARGE INTESTINE



    MUSCLE SMOOTH




    DIGESTION ORGAN COMPLETE WITH CIRCULATORY



    TORSO



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