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Tuesday, December 13, 2011

KENANGAN MANIS GERHANA BULAN PENUH 10 DECEMBER 2011



(GUIDANCE CORNER)
Memang teruja menunggu saat-saat gerhana bulan penuh pada 10  December 2011. Persiapan FCUHOMESCHOOLING dibuat dengan rapi agar segala perancangan berjalan dengan baik. Makan malam juga disediakan terlebih awal agar tidak mengganggu kelancaran pengambilan video oleh FCUPRODUCTION. Selalunya aktiviti mencerap bintang dilakukan di beranda belakang yang mengadap lautan. Kali ini, lebih happening...segala peralatan kamera diangkut ke atas bumbung rumah yang separa siap. Rumah dua tingkat yang dibina oleh crew FCUPRODUCTION ini tergendala kerana crewnya sangat sibuk dengan penggambaran sekitar Langkawi. Insyaallah ..bangunan istimewa ini akan siap pada tahun depan.


Kelihatan crew FCUPRODUCTION sedang meneropong bulan di lensa kamera. Aktiviti mencerap bulan gerhana ini bermula seawal 8.30 malam. Angin pantai bertiup sepoi-sepoi bahasa membuat suasana sungguh nyaman.Alhamdulillah..cuaca malam ini sungguh baik. Langit tanpa  awan tebal mengindahkan lagi malam  yang dihiasi bulan mengambang penuh dan taburan bintang yang berselerakan. Memang malam ini sungguh sempurna. Alhamdulillah....


Masing-masing sibuk memerhati bulan mengambang yang mula bertukar bentuk. Sedikit demi sedikit bentuk bulat itu dimamah oleh bayangan bumi.




Permukaaan bulan yang menggerutu dengan kawah-kawahnya boleh dilihat dengan jelas bila dizoom 1300x. Mata kasar kita yang melihat bulan yang bersinar penuh berseri seri sering tertipu dengan realiti permukaan yang berkerutu. Hingga kita menyamakan kecantikan wajah perempuan yang sempurna ibarat bulan purnama.
Memang ajaib ciptaan Allah...



Saiz bulan yang dilihat dengan mata kasar. Memang berbeza !!! Cahayanya yang berkilauan tanpa cacat cela . Tampak seolah permukaannya sungguh licin tanpa cacat.


Dari lensa kamera, kelihatan bentuk bulan sabit yang makin nipis dari saat ke saat.




Saat-saat menunggu detik bermulanya total lunar eclipse. Detik demi detik...dengan sabar memerhati perubahan kedudukan bulan yang sedang berlaku di angkasa . Pasti tidak mahu ketinggalan !!!


The moment !!! Bilakah pula kita berpeluang melihat gerhana bulan penuh ini ? Gelap gelita alam sekeliling tanpa sinaran bulan. Senyap sunyi sekitar pantai Kampung Bakau meraikan phenomena alam ini.

Afiqah juga tidak ketinggalan melihat phenomena ini. Dalam usia yang muda dia sudah meminati bidang astronomi dan sentiasa melihat perubahan pada langit pada waktu malam. Bintang yang berkerlipan di angkasa luas sungguh menguja fantasi alam kanak-kanaknya. Berbagai-bagai soalan dalam fikirannya dan sering bercampur baurl dengan adegan movie star trek yang sangat digemarinya. Ternganga mulutnya kerana terlalu asyik....!!



Afiq pula banyak memerhati dari bertanya.



Pelajar FCUHOMESCHOOLING yang paling kecil ini juga tidak mahu ketinggalan. Pasti sekali minda spara sedarnya merakam segala peristiwa untuk digunakan bila dia sudah boleh bercakap. Pendedahan dari kecil dalam bidang astronomi adalah antara target kami untuk menghasilkan generasi yang sangat peka dengan alam ciptaan Allah.


Saat bulan gerhana sepenuhnya inilah pelajar FCUHOMESCHOOLING telah membuat experiment


Photo halaman teratak FCU dari site mencerap bulan gerhana. Jambatan gantung ini dibina merentasi kolam air tawar. Satu ketika dulu, kawasan ini adalah pantai yang agak dalam hingga perlu mangarung air laut untuk sampai ke daratan. Kami telah menebus guna tanah air masin ini kepada  taman bonsai.                                                                



Sambil menunggu saat bulan keluar sepenuhnya dari bayang bumi, kami menikmati buah mempelam yang dulunya sangat tinggi dan sukar untuk mendapat buahnya.


                                                                          
Subhanallah.....cantik sekali pemandangan ini. Kelihatan cahaya bulan yang mula keluar dari bayangan bumi bercahaya menyimbah suasana malam. Bilakah gerangan kita dapat melihat lagi phenomena ini ?



Restoran FCU beroperasi di tengah malam. Selepas jam 12 tengah malam, aktiviti masih lagi di site cerap dan crew FCUPRODUCTION mula memesan makanan. Mungkin perasaan teruja dengan gerhana bulan membuat perut cepat lapar. Alhamdulillah....tiada yang lebih sedap dari sepinggan mee panas dan white coffee panas. Apalagi...bila makan atas bumbung yang terdedah oleh tiupan bayu malam dari laut.




Lebih kurang pukul 1.30 pagi pada 11 December 2011, bulan meninggalkan penumbra sepenuhnya. Suasana malam yang malap sebentar tadi mula bertukar menjadi ceria dengan sinaran bulan purnama. Semoga Allah beri kita peluang untuk menyaksikan phenomena ini sekali lagi di masa hadapan.


Inilah video yang berjaya dihasilkan oleh FCUPRODUCTION pada malam gerhana bulan penuh 10 Dec 2011:






FAKTA MENARIK TENTANG GERHANA BULAN DAN MATAHARI:


1) Tidak seperti gerhana matahari, yang hanya boleh dilihat dari kawasan tertentu sahaja di dunia, Gerhana Bulan boleh dilihat dari mana-mana sahaja di sebelah malam Bumi.

2) Gerhana Bulan Penuh boleh berlangsung selama beberapa jam, sedangkan gerhana matahari penuh berlangsung selama hanya beberapa minit sahaja di satu-satu tempat. Ini adalah kerana saiz bayang2 bumi (ketika gerhana bulan) lebih besar berbanding bayang2 bulan (ketika gerhana matahari)

3) Jika anda terlepas gerhana kali ini, anda terpaksa menunggu sehingga 10 Okt 2014 untuk Gerhana Penuh Bulan yang boleh dilihat dari Malaysia. Itupun anda hanya dapat lihat separuh sahaja, iaitu Bulan sudahpun TAMAT fasa gerhana sepenuhnya ketika ia terbit di waktu Maghrib (di Kuala Lumpur). Gerhana Penuh seterusnya ialah 4 Apr 2015 dan itupun anda dapat lihat separuh sahaja, iaitu Bulan sedang memasuki fasa gerhana penuh ketika ia terbit.

4) Gerhana Bulan boleh berlaku sehingga 3 kali setahun (maksimum). Namun, adakalanya tidak ada langsung gerhana bulan berlaku dalam jangkamasa setahun. Percaya atau tidak, gerhana matahari berlaku lebih kerap, iaitu 2-5 kali setahun namun kawasan yang dapat lihat gerhana matahari penuh itu sikit sahaja (beberapa kilometer lebar sahaja), manakala gerhana bulan boleh dilihat 1/2 daripada kawasan permukaan bumi!


5) Semua orang tahu, Bulan akan menjadi warna kemerah-merahan apabila ia memasuki ke dalam kawasan bayang-bayang umbra bumi. Namun, kadangkala pada kawasan sempadan berwarna merah itu, warna permukaan bulan akan kelihatan seperti kebiru-biruan dan turquoise (biru kehijauan)! Ini adalah disebabkan cahaya itu sedang melalui lapisan ozon bumi (yang mana lapisan ini menyerap warna merah, dan membenarkan warna biru melepasinya). 
 
Bilakah ketika hendak melihat warna tersebut? Cuba tinjau-tinjau beberapa minit sebelum fasa gerhana penuh bermula, dan juga beberapa minit selepas fasa gerhana penuh tamat
(Foto oleh Eva Seidenfaden of Trier, Germany, on March 4, 2007)
6) Jika di Bumi kita akan mengalami gerhana bulan, berlawanan pula kisahnya jika kita berada di Bulan ketika itu. Di Bulan, kita akan mengalami gerhana matahari pula! 
Lebih menarik ialah cahaya matahari tidak akan hilang sepenuhnya. Ia akan diserakkan oleh lapisan atmosfera bumi dan kelihatan kemerah-merahan.
Bumi akan kelihatan seperti satu bulatan hitam dikelilingi oleh cahaya merah, yang menandakan waktu fajar dan senja di seluruh dunia!
Cahaya merah senja dan fajar itulah yang akan jatuh ke permukaan bulan, dan menjadikannya kemerah-merahan.

(Ilustrasi menunjukkan gerhana matahari yang dilihat DARI bulan. Credit & Copyright: Hana Gartstein)



DEAR READERS!! 
YOUR POSITIVE COMMENTS ARE HIGHLY APPRECIATE. 
♥♥♥ FCU MALAYSIAN HOMESCHOOLING ♥♥♥

Monday, December 12, 2011

BALANCING EGGS DURING THE FULL LUNAR ECLIPSE 2011


I have been waiting to do this for age. For me, anything that has a connection with the outer space is really overwhelming. In my mind, it is impossible to balance an oval shape object especially an egg which has the white egg and the yolk that keep on moving even with a small vibration. I never try to do that on any other day...except just waiting for the perfect day that was on 10 Dec of  2011.

As an evidence, I found a blog showing  a group of USM students (University Science Malaysia ) tries to balance an egg during lunar eclipse at moonrise 2007.



Out of the five eggs tested, four eggs stood on their ends during the eclipse.
Wong Soon Aik, 22, an applied physics USM student, was by far the most successful at standing an egg on its end.


 Anyhow, Astronomy Club of Universiti Sains Malaysia advisor Dr Chong Hon Yew however, denied the eclipse played a part in the egg-standing experiment. “Some believe that there is a change in gravity during an eclipse, but so far, there hasn’t been any solid scientific evidence,” he said. He, however, admitted though that he frequently joined people all around the world in testing the traditional egg balancing belief during lunar eclipses.


EXPERIMENT DURING THE LUNAR ECLIPSE:

Maximum eclipse:                2011 Dec 10  22:31:36

This experiment was done during the maximum eclipse. I arranged 3 eggs on the cement floor, hoping that the eggs would get the maximum effect since they were direct under the sky where the moon was in eclipse stage. My brother said that I should tried on a very flat surface on that special night because it effect the stability of the eggs. Yes...he is right!!! Science experiments need accuracy.


BELEIVE IT OR NOT??



Is it true that we can  only do this act during the lunar eclipse and on the equinox? An equinox in astronomy is that moment in time (not a whole day) when the center of the Sun can be observed to be directly above the Earth's equator, occurring around March 20 and September 23 each year.


EXPERIMENT AFTER LUNAR ECLIPSE


This experiment was carried out by my brother to  prove that the above ideas were not correct.     




 Actually the egg indeed does  balance before or after the eclipse and at the equinox ( just any time of the year). In other words, people is only waiting until the eclipse and the equinox to do the experiment because they believe in the effect of moon's gravity and sun's gravity . They never try to balance the egg in other time. It happens that they manage to stand the egg on its end on that particular days (with the God will of course...). And...it is how the believe starts to become world wide. 

My brother and me just prove that you also can do it. 
You just need to practice to balance the egg. 




DEAR READERS!! 
YOUR POSITIVE COMMENTS ARE HIGHLY APPRECIATE. 
♥♥♥ FCU MALAYSIAN HOMESCHOOLING ♥♥♥

Saturday, December 10, 2011

GERHANA BULAN PENUH MALAM INI !!!!



Malam ini adalah kemuncak pembelajaran Astronomi bagi FCUHOMESCHOOLING semenjak pelancarannya INTRODUCTION TO ASTRONOMY CLASS. Walaupun Hafidz sudah mempelajari tentang phasa bulan dan juga phenomena gerhana bulan semasa kelas Astronominya awal Jun 2011, kelas homeschooling pagi sabtu ini dipenuhi sepenuhnya dengan penerangan dan melihat video di youtube tentang gerhana bulan. Turut serta mengikuti kelas ini ialah Afiqah yang sudah mula meminati aktiviti mencerap bintang yang sering kami sekeluarga jalankan.

Aktiviti mencerap bintang semakin aktif sejak kami memiliki Zoom Lens for Canon EOS Mount. Zoo Lens ini berfungsi seperti telescope yang dipasang dikamera dan sekali gus membolehkan merakam segala aktiviti di angkasa. Kebolehannya untuk zoom 13000x memang memuaskan hati untuk pembelajaran kelas Astronomi homeschooling kami.

Biasanya aktiviti mencerap bintang ini biasanya dilakukan di dua tempat iaitu di beranda belakang rumah yang mengadap laut dan juga di atas bumbung rata bangunan yang sedang diusahakan oleh FCU. Kedua-dua tempat ini agak strategik kerana bebas dari pencemaran cahaya dari rumah sekeliling.

AKTIVITTI MENCERAP BINTANG DI TEPI LAUT:

Setiap kali langit cerah dan penuh dengan bintang-bintang bergemerlapan, FCUHOMESCHOOLING akan membuat aktiviti mencerap bintang. Kelihatan Hafidz sedang meneropong angkasa luas.


Inilah sifu mencerap bintang kami. Pengalamannya dalam kelab mencerap bintang di universiti sangatlah berharga buat kami yang baru mengenal ilmu astronomi. Alhamdulillah...


Memang asyik sungguh!! Fikiran pun tenang terutamanya kalau diisi dengan  zikrullah dan membaca ayat-ayat Quran yang menceritakan kebesaran Allah menjadikan alam ini. Subhanallah.....

Kelihatan image bintang yang berkelipan di lensa kamera.



Setelah dizoomkan sebanyak 1300x kami diizinkan Allah melihat sebuah
 bintang nun jauh di sana. Menurut sifu kami, bintang ini dah hampir mati. 
Panjang lebar juga penerangan sifu bab bintang ini dan sangat memuaskan.









Setinggi-tinggi kesyukuran ke hadrat Ilahi kerana telah mengabulkan idaman saya sebagai pembimbing FCUHOMESCHOOLING untuk memiliki sebuah telescope bagi menrealisasikan pembelajaran sepanjang hayat dalam bidang Astronomi ini. Sememangnya sangat penting untuk kita menggalakkan celik astronomi di kalangan anak-anak. Anak-anak di bumi Amerika, Rusia, Cina dan Eropah sudah berada di peringkat tinggi pengetahuan mereka dalam bidang Astronomi kerana mereka mempelajari di sekolah tetapi tidak di Malaysia dan kebanyakan negara Islam.Padahal ilmu Astronomi adalah antara ilmu yang membuka minda yang sempit untuk jadi seluas alam maya ciptaan Allah. Untuk jadi khalifah memimpin alam ini , sudah pastilah kita kena arif dengan segala isi alam maya.


GERHANA BULAN MALAM INI:
Pada malam ini 10 Disember 2011, kita akan dapat menyaksikan fenomena Gerhana Bulan Penuh sekali lagi. Kali terakhir rakyat Malaysia dan di rantau Asia Tenggara menyaksikan fenomena gerhana seperti ini ialah pada bulan Jun 2011 lepas. Fenomena ini akan berlaku pada waktu puncak, iaitu sebaik sahaja matahari terbenam dan berlarutan sehingga ke lewat tengah malam. Tidak seperti gerhana yang lepas, yang mana ia berlaku lewat tengah malam sehingga ke matahari terbit keesokan paginya, gerhana kali ini dijangka dapat disaksikan dengan mudah oleh orang ramai.

Fasa gerhana ini akan bermula pada jam 7.31 petang.Namun apabila bulan mula menghampiri kawasan bayang-bayang bumi yang lebih gelap, dikenali sebagai umbra, barulah kesan gelapnya mudah kelihatan, iaitu sekitar jam 8.30 malam.

Bulan akan berada di dalam bayang-bayang bumi sepenuhnya (fasa gerhana penuh)  pada jam 10.05 malam sehingga 10.57 malam. 

Kemudian ia akan keluar sepenuhnya daripada bayang-bayang umbra pada jam 12.18 tengah malam.
Waktu setiap fasa gerhana boleh dirujuk seperti di bawah (kiraan Skymap Pro 8):

Moon enters penumbra:      2011 Dec 10  19:31:37
Moon enters umbra:             2011 Dec 10  20:45:11
Start of totality:                       2011 Dec 10  22:05:29
Maximum eclipse:                2011 Dec 10  22:31:36
End of totality:                        2011 Dec 10  22:57:45
Moon leaves umbra:            2011 Dec 11  00:18:04
Moon leaves penumbra:     2011 Dec 11  01:31:30

Jumlah masa Bulan bergelap di dalam bayang-bayang bumi sepenuhnya ialah selama 52 min 16 saat. 
Waktu di atas merupakan waktu tempatan (Malaysia). Ia adalah sama sahaja jika anda berada di Semenanjung, Sarawak atau Sabah. Cuma yang berbeza ialah ketinggian Bulan di langit. Semakin anda berada ke arah timur Malaysia, semakin tinggi kedudukan Bulan pada satu-satu fasa gerhana itu.
Video di bawah merupakan simulasi gerhana bulan yang dibuat menggunakan perisian Stellarium.







GRAFIK GERHANA BULAN PENUH
sumber google




Gambarajah 1 di bawah ialah laluan bulan ketika ia bergerak di dalam bayang-bayang umbra dan penumbra bumi. (credit to F. Espenak, NASA’s GSFC eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html)
Secara umumnya, bayang-bayang Bumi terbahagi kepada bahagian:
i.                    Penumbra– kawasan bayang-bayang bahagian luar, yang mana ia tidak begitu gelap dan agak sukar dilihat perbezaan warnanya apabila diamati dengan mata kasar.
ii.                  Umbra– kawasan bayang-bayang bahagian dalam, yang mana di sinilah kawasan yang paling gelap dan terlindung terus daripada pancaran cahaya matahari. Warnanya kemerahan kerana cahaya matahari terbias apabila ia melintasi kawasan atmosfera bumi, lalu menghasilkan cahaya kemerahan.

      
Gambarajah 1



Gambarajah 2, di bawah  ialah peta dunia yang menunjukkan kawasan mana yang boleh lihat fenomena gerhana kali ini. (credit to F. Espenak, NASA’s GSFC eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html).
Perhatikan keseluruhan Malaysia (Semenanjung, Sabah dan Sarawak) berpeluang melihat keseluruhan fasa gerhana dari awal hingga akhir

Gambarajah 2


Jika anda terlepas gerhana kali ini, anda terpaksa menunggu sehingga 10 Okt 2014 untuk Gerhana Penuh Bulan yang boleh dilihat dari Malaysia. Itupun anda hanya dapat lihat separuh sahaja, iaitu Bulan sudahpun TAMAT fasa gerhana sepenuhnya ketika ia terbit di waktu Maghrib (di Kuala Lumpur). Gerhana Penuh seterusnya ialah 4 Apr 2015 dan itupun anda dapat lihat separuh sahaja, iaitu Bulan sedang memasuki fasa gerhana penuh ketika ia terbit.

Oleh itu jangan lepaskan peluang menyaksikan KESELURUHAN fasa Gerhana Bulan Penuh pada malam ini.


Umat islam juga digalakan mengerjakan ibadat SOLAT SUNAT KHUSUF berdasarkan satu hadis diriwayatkan Imam Muslim yang antara lain menegaskan supaya mendirikan solat dan berdoa apabila melihat gerhana. 


 








Friday, December 9, 2011

MALAY WEDDING FEAST IN MY VILLAGE


This was a cow for a wedding feast of our neighbor. We also had our share in it for a Aqiqah of my siblings. As one of the owner, we had to take care of the cow before the big day. I still remembered how the cow chased me and hit me with his horns. All my body smelled like a cow. Well....that was a beautiful experience. I never had a cow before. As a new owner, I tried to take him to the grass field. Mind you, I was not wearing any red material at that time. Maybe I pull the rope that tied at his nose too hard and make him angry.....
FCU guys helped making the tents for the wedding feast. This kind of community servis was good for us. Once a while break from our project really a fun. 


At last.....
Early in the morning of the next day, the villagers got ready to slaughter the cow for the wedding festival. My big brother Dean was trying to make the cow lied down on the ground. I could see that it wasn't easy because the male cow was so strong in trying to save his own life. In one aspect, all of us would enjoy the meat and in the other aspect, I felt pity for the cow. I must be sensible enough to think in a right way!!



It was time for the villagers to get the meat to cook together. Lots of things to be learn from this big event.
Later on, another event took place at slaughter site. This time, they slaughtered a buffalo. Many villagers include the children were watching the process. I have been watching the process since I was small and in all those years, I learnt a lot. Hoping one day  I can do the slaughtering process for the festival in my village.
I was one of the members of a team that rensponsible for cooking rice in this wedding festival. Being homeschool, I have lots of time to  join any social events around the village. I mixed with the older people most of the time.
To make a fire for cooking rice, I need lots of dried coconut fibres. I  really loved this task.
All the fire woods had to be arranged nicely in order for a better fire.
At last, I managed to light the fire to cook rice. Alhamdulillah.....
After the water was boiling, add in the rice plate by plate until all had been put in the big pot. The process must be done very quickly.

When all the rice has been put in the boiling pot, quickly took out the extra water  until it's level was at the rice level. Covered the rice with the plastic bag and covered the pot with it's lid. It was very important to slow the fire to its minimum so that the rice was not burnt. 

After 20 minutes, I tested the rice to check whether it cooked or not. 
Thank God !! The rice was so perfect, not to hard and not too soft.




Keep the rice in a special container that can retained the heat for 
the rest of the day




Some women were working in the house of the wedding family.




Beside the meat, they also cooked hot spicy chicken.





The villagers helped the wedding family with the cooking.



Coconuts were one of the main ingredients used in cooking for the wedding festival.

The meat was cooked in a big wok called "kawah".



Row of cooking pots with meat cuisine were on the stoves. 
Soon, everybody would eat together under the tents.





 Usually they prepare 2 big tents outside the compound of the 
house for the guest to celebrate the festival. One for the men 
and the other is for the women. They will be served with a special 
food and dishes that being prepared earlier by the villagers.






The kompang (drum) was played by the villagers to 
accompany the bride and groom especially when the 
couple was on the "pelamin". The kompang is one of 
the most popular Malay traditional instrument. 
Usually it was played in National Day Parades and 
in official functions such as wedding ceremony.



This is "pelamin" or wedding dais that is specially created for 
the "bersanding" ceremony. Usually the "pelamin" is grandly 
designed and gaily decorated to celebrate
 the  " Royal Of The Day".






 In Islam, the couple is only legally become husband and wife 
just after "akad nikah" ( wedding contract) by the authorized 
religious officer or male person that is closely related to the 
bride such as her father and her brothers. The akad nikah is 
a marriage contract by the groom agreeing to wed 
the bride based on the Islamic requirement and rules.
The authorized religious officer also asked 
the bride whether she agree to marry 
the groom.




family members. If the bride's house is far away, his family will 
 rent a nearby house just for this event. Slowly he walks to 
his bride's house while  his bestman shading him with 
a yellow or gold colored wedding umbrella







This is an unscheduled "roadblock" or stoppage event that 
usually carried out by the bride's playful aunties and 
female siblings. They will ask many questions to test 
the groom's patience and the only way for the groom 
to pass the road block is by pay a cash to these playful 
group.It is just for fun!!!
Anyhow according to Islamic way,
all this ceremony is just for the family of the bride 
and groom only. It is suppose to be a close ceremony 
since the act of "show off" to public is not good.

If you interested to know further, please this website:


(GUIDANCE CORNER)




The United States Humane Slaughter Act recognizes ritual slaughter according to Islamic and Jewish dietary guidelines is acceptable and humane. 


Islamic dietary laws and Jewish dietary laws mandate that domestic animals raised for meat be slaughtered under strict religious guidelines. Both the Jewish (shechita) and Islamic (zabihah or dhabihah) methods of slaughter involve making a single, swift incision to the throat of the animal – deep enough to sever the jugular vein, carotid arteries, trachea and esophagus, but not so deep as to cut the spinal cord.
Although the image of this may be disturbing, ritual slaughter when performed correctly is painless to the animal. This is because the immediate severance of both the blood and oxygen supply to the brain causes the animal to quickly lose consciousness and all sensation. Anemia of the brain occurs within seconds.

Scientific Research Proves Islamic Slaughter is Humane

Professor Wilhelm Schulze of the Hannover University's School of Veterinary Medicine in Germany, and his colleague Dr. Hazim, compared the response of the brain and heart during and immediately after ritual slaughter and slaughter with captive bolt stunning, a method widely used in many slaughterhouses.

The results of electroencephalograph (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) readings showed that Islamic ritual slaughtering caused a loss of consciousness before pain could be felt, while the captive bolt stunning caused severe pain to the animal before it lost consciousness.
Dr. Temple Grandin, an expert on livestock handling facilities and a professor of animal science at Colorado State University, has witnessed ritual slaughter many times while inspecting and advising kosher slaughterhouses. She notes on her website: “When the cut is done correctly, the animal appears not to feel it. From an animal welfare standpoint, the major concern during ritual slaughter are the stressful and cruel methods of restraint (holding) that are used in some plants."

Conditions for Islamic Slaughter (Zabihah)

Inhumane restraint of an animal at the time of slaughter goes against Islam, which requires kind and merciful treatment before and during the slaughter. This includes raising the animal in a natural -- preferably organic -- free range manner.
Other conditions for Islamic slaughter to yield halal (permissible) meat are:
  • the animal must be healthy and permissible to eat
  • a sane and competent Muslim must perform the act
  • a very sharp knife must be used, to facilitate rapid and painless cutting
  • the slaughter should not take place within view of other animals
  • the animal being slaughtered should not see the knife
  • the Muslim performing the cut (zabih or dhabih) must invoke God (Allah) by saying, “In the name of God” and “God is the Greatest” at the time of the slaughter
  • the cut should not be so deep as to sever the spinal cord or head

Ritual Slaughter Produces Healthier Meat

Both Jews and Muslims are forbidden from consuming blood. Ritual slaughter causes a rapid draining of bacteria- and hormone-carrying blood from an animal’s body, which is critical to healthy, blood-free meat.
The German study found that the heart pumps longer after Islamic slaughter than it does after captive bolt stunning, resulting in a better drain of blood and more hygienic meat. Painless body convulsions and leg kicks brought on after ritual slaughter are natural reflexes and further help to flush and drain the meat of blood.
Only after the blood has stopped draining should an animal be hoisted for skinning, removing of innards and butchering.



Professor Wilhelm Schulze and his colleague Dr. Hazim at the School of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover University in Germany had made research.
The research :
"ATTEMPTS TO OBJECTIFY PAIN AND CONSCIOUSNESS IN CONVENTIONAL AND RITUAL METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING SHEEP AND CALVES"


Surprisingly, the study concludes that Islamic slaughtering is the most humane method of slaughter. Infact, the captive bolt stunning practiced in the West, cause severe pain to animals.

The results were as follows :


I – Islamic Method

1. The first three seconds from the time of Islamic slaughter as recorded on the EEG did not show any change from the graph before slaughter, thus indicating that the animal did not feel any pain during or immediately after the incision.
2. For the following 3 seconds, the EEG recorded a condition of deep sleep that is unconsciousness. This is due to the large quantity of blood gushing out from the body. 
3. After the above-mentioned 6 seconds, the EEG recorded zero level, showing no feeling of pain at all. 
4. As the brain message(EEG) dropped to zero level, the heart was still pounding and the body convulsing vigorously (a reflex action of the spinal cord) driving a maximum amount of blood from the body thus resulting in hygenic meat for the consumer.



II - Western method by C.B.P. Stunning
1. The animals were apparently unconscious soon after stunning.
2. EEG showed severe pain immediately after stunning.

3. The hearts of the animal stunned
by C.B.P. stopped beating earlier as compared to those of the animals slaughtered according to the Islamic method resulting in the retention of more blood in the meat. This in turn is unhygienic for the consumer.
Electric stunning of cattle. EEG showed severe pain immediately after stunning. 
This method resulting in the retention of more blood in the meat and offer unhygienic meat for the consumer.



HOW EEG WORKS :


 EEG, or electroencephalogram, is a tool we use to image the brain while it is performing a cognitive task. This allows us to detect the location and magnitude of brain activity involved in the various types of cognitive functions we study. EEG allows us to view and record the changes in your brain activity during the time you are performing the task.

Images are acquired by using electrodes to monitor the amount of electrical activity at different points on your scalp.



Cattle stun gun may heighten "madcow'" risk

By: Leila Corcoran

Broadcasted on BICNews 25 July 1997





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